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Held in the hills of West Yorkshire, 4 miles from Halifax, it was, even by England’s low standards of festivals, an absolute disaster. If you know this area of Yorkshire, the hills are cold and wet at all times of the year and rain is never far away.
International Times, the UK’s hippie bible wrote of the event "It was the worst organized festival ever. It was a piece of moorland. About 25,000 kids turned up, but the weather turned almost immediately from a mild grey to rain, hail, sleet and rain, blue rain and thunderstorms. This went on for the entirety of the festival so there was this incredibly damp and miserable audience in the downpour in this rather cold and bleak up-land where trees don't grow."
Not sure what blue rain is but it sounds cold. 330 people were treated for exposure at the site, 70 people were hospitalised! At one point on Saturday night the rain was so heavy it was pouring through the stage coverings and pooling on the stage, so roadies began drilling holes in the wood to let it drain through. Yeah, try doing a Healthy & Safety assessment for that!
It had all seemed so promising on the Friday. It was actually sunny for a while. The festival was offering 50 hours of music across three days. There were plenty of food concessions, a licensed bar, even beds for hire better for the overnight sleepers. The line-up of acts was superb drawing from the cream of the UK’s progressive and heavy bands., At one point Atomic Rooster, The Who and Pink Floyd were scheduled to headline each night, though none did. (note the era' classic come-on on the poster "..and heavy friends" which always promised someone big might turn up, though rarey meant anything of the sort.
Although the promoters advertised The Who as playing on Saturday, The Who said they had not even been approached to take part and wouldn’t play (deciding, wisely, to play the Isle of Wight two weeks later) They were replaced by Pink Floyd who in turn did not get to play because of the weather. What happened to Atomic Rooster is lost to the mists of times.
It was all quite a story. (This splendid account comes from the Yorkshire Post)
‘The story of Krumlin began when an enterprising pair, Derek McEwen and Brian Highley, both in their 20s, came up with the idea of a music event. Brian was the landlord at the time of a little pub in Millbank, near Halifax, and his friend, Derek, managed a couple of folk groups. “We had a folk club in the pub and we had bands like the Humblebums, which included Gerry Rafferty and Billy Connolly, in to play, and we decided it would be nice to have a little folk festival in the field below the pub, but the local farmer turned us down,” says Brian.
Undeterred, they decided to look elsewhere and began dreaming of something bigger. They arranged to rent 12 acres of land in Krumlin, near Barkisland, for the weekend of August 14-16.
So they had a site, now they just needed to sort everything else. “I’d organised college functions but nothing like this. We were having to get roads built and streets diverted and electric mains put in.”
These days rock music festivals are big business but 50 years ago it was a different story. “The first Glastonbury came after us and nobody had seen the Woodstock film, so we didn’t know much about Woodstock at all.”
They started selling tickets at just three shillings (15p) to help pay for some publicity. “We quickly put them up to 30 shillings and as soon as we started booking major bands it was 50 shillings,” says Brian.
By the time the festival started on the Friday they had assembled an impressive line-up that included Ralph McTell, Pentangle, The Pretty Things, Fairport Convention and Sandy Denny.
“We did have an exclusive with Pink Floyd. They were due to play either the Saturday or the Sunday, and we changed it to the Sunday which was a mistake. So we should have had Pink Floyd.”
The headliner on the first night was a young Elton John. “We paid him 75 quid,” says Brian.
By this time, though, alarm bells were starting to ring. They had reportedly sold 16,000 tickets but this wasn’t reflected in the money coming in, plus they had banked on selling more tickets to break even. “On the Friday, we only took £4,000 at the gate and at that point it became clear there were forgeries.”
Brian contacted Pink Floyd and told them not to travel to Yorkshire because he knew by this point that they couldn’t afford to pay them. “They were one of the few bands that had not been paid up front.”
With forgeries doing the rounds and security lax the festival began to unravel. And just when things could scarcely get any worse the weather turned.
A storm hit the site on the Saturday evening as the heavens opened. Many people were sleeping in thin plastic bags which offered little protection from the wind and rain and the organisers were forced to pull the plug around midnight.
“The temperature dropped to just above freezing and there were thousands of cases of exposure so we just had to stop everything,” says Brian. “On Sunday they were warning people on the radio not to travel because it was a disaster area and they needed the roads to get ambulances in and out.”
The police and even the Army were called in to search the site to make sure there were no bodies, which thankfully there weren’t.
For Brian, in particular, the festival had been disastrous. It cost in the region of £60,000 to put on and the organisers were left owing £30,000.
Despite losing his pub he bounced back later moving to Devon making his name writing questions for Trivial Pursuit for over 25 years.
He has also written a foreword to Ben Graham’s new book – Pink Floyd Are Fogbound In Paris: The Story of the 1970 Krumlin Pop Festival.
Ben grew up in Sowerby Bridge and knew about the festival. “It was a bit of a local legend when I was growing up. There was this myth that there was this big festival and a huge storm destroyed it. Nobody ever seemed quite sure exactly who played, partly because all the bands booked for the Sunday didn’t play.”
He says the festival was beset with problems from the outset. “Nobody could prepare for the weather and that was what actually stopped the festival from finishing, but the damage was done with all the forged tickets that the promoters didn’t know about until it was too late.”
Ben says some performers had already been paid but others hadn’t. “Once it became apparent there was no money then it descended into chaos. Running orders got muddled and everyone went on very late. Bands were drinking in the backstage bar and going on anyway when they were drunk.”
Even so, he believes the pop festival is more than just a cautionary tale. “Krumlin was definitely in the infancy of rock music festivals in this country, and nobody knew how it was done, so it was quite a bold move. There was no template for how to build an outdoor stage, they had to get a scaffolding firm in from Wakefield to build something,” he says.
“When I was growing up in the Calder Valley there was nothing really happening in terms of music, but this shows there was actually people trying to do cultural events on a big scale, and in the past few years there’s been a bit of a resurgence with several bands from Halifax and Hebden Bridge getting a bit of national attention. So now Krumlin seems less like a disaster and a lesson in why you shouldn’t try to put on a music festival on the Pennine moors, and more of a precursor of the musical revival we’ve had since.”
Brian, too, is able to look back at Krumlin with a certain amount of affection. “If we did something that’s still remembered 50 years later then maybe we did actually achieve something, even if it did end up being known as a disaster.”
The storm on Saturday night into Sunday was so powerful that everything was literally flattened and it sent most people home even before the festival was called off. It could’ve been a classic but it went down in history for all the wrong reasons.
There are probably people who haven’t quite dried out yet having been there that weekend 50 years ago.